Webeltime.com – Practical Ways to Plant and Care for Mulberry Trees 2022, Mulberry (Morus rubra) is a medium-sized tree with a penchant for dropping its leaves. This herbaceous plant produces eye-catching small white, red, or black fruits.
The attractive color of the fruit, combined with the size of the tree, makes it suitable for planting as an ornamental plant in the houseyard. This tree can also be planted in a pot or directly in the ground.
Practical Ways to Plant and Care for Mulberry Trees 2022
Practical Ways to Plant and Care for Mulberry Trees 2022, The two most well-known mulberry species are the red mulberry (Morus rubra), which is native to eastern North America, and the white mulberry (Morus alba), which is native to China but has spread globally.
This plant, which is either a red and white species or a hybrid, has dark green leaves with serrated edges and fruit that resembles a blackberry.
Mulberry trees grow quickly and are best planted in early spring.
In addition to the two well-known mulberry species, there are three other mulberry tree species with slightly different fruit and tree shapes, namely:
Morus nigra, a black mulberry tree that grows to an average height of 12 meters and produces large dark purple-black berries when ripe.
Morus australis, also known as the Korean mulberry, is a small tree that grows to a height of 5 to 6 meters at maturity. When young, the leaves are light green and slightly glossy, with white fruit that matures to dark red and purple when ripe.
Morus celtidifolia is a mulberry tree that grows as a shrub, reaching a maximum height of 7 meters. Birds enjoy the red, purple, or almost black fruit.
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Growing a Mulberry Tree
Mulberry is an easy-to-grow tree that can be propagated through cuttings or seeding. White mulberry species are typically easier to breed and cross than red mulberry species.
According to the spruce, here’s how to propagate cuttings and sow mulberry seeds.
Choose an old stem with a fairly hard stem 2.5 centimeters in diameter for cuttings. Using a sharp knife, cut the stems to about 15 to 20 centimeters in length.
Plant the ends of the cuttings in a small pot filled with soil and compost after dipping the bottoms in rooting hormone. After thoroughly watering the pot, place it in a 1-gallon clear plastic bag tied with a rubber band.
Place the pot in a fully shaded location until the cuttings take root, checking on a regular basis to ensure they stay moist. After about a month, remove the plastic bag and continue planting the cuttings in the pot until they are large enough to move.
Mulberry is grown from seed by selecting ripe fruit and then drying it. Plastic bags 25-30 cm high and 15 cm in diameter with holes perforated at the bottom can be used as seeding media.
After seeding the planting media with a mixture of soil and compost, wait two to three months for the new seeds to be ready to be transferred to the planting media.
Mulberry trees can grow in both full sun and partial shade. This plant thrives in clay, loam, and sandy soil with adequate drainage. Mulberry trees can grow in a wide range of pH levels, from neutral to slightly acidic.
Water the mulberry tree regularly at first to help it establish a strong root system. Mulberry trees are moderately drought tolerant once their roots are established, though prolonged dry weather can cause fruit reduction or premature fall of unripe berries.
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Mulberry tree pests and diseases
Mulberry trees are susceptible to a variety of pests, including whitefly, scale, and mealybugs. Although these three will not kill mature trees, bacterial blight and leaf spot disease are common in tropical climates and can impede mulberry growth.